“We knew how important the violin is to Dagmar, so it was vital that we preserved function in the delicate areas of her brain that allowed her to play … We managed to remove over 90% of the tumor, including all the areas suspicious of aggressive activity, while retaining full function in her left hand.”3

Awake brain surgery is typically performed to treat epileptic seizures or remove tumors without clear borders that have spread throughout the brain. Because the tumors are often close to brain regions responsible for controlling vision, language and movement, it would be too dangerous to attempt to remove them while the patient is completely under anesthesia, as doing so could result in a significant loss of function.1



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