For example, the introduction of the New Economic Policy (NEP) after war communism was dialectic; the conclusion of the nonaggression pact with Nazi Germany after many years of mutual dislike and criticism was dialectic; even the chronic lag of the Soviet economy in providing essential goods also found dialectical justification.

Eventually, however, the word “dialectic” became a subject of jokes for those of us living under Marxist regimes.  We could see the enormous difference between the theory and the reality, and we ridiculed Marx’s dialectic, as it was perceived to explain everything and nothing simultaneously.



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