1 Which of the following statements is true?

  • Eating high-oxalate food with calcium-rich food will increase your risk of kidney stones
  • Taking a calcium supplement without oxalate-containing food, such as leafy greens or nuts, increases your risk of kidney stones

    Taking a calcium supplement without oxalate-containing food increases your risk of kidney stones. To minimize this risk, take your supplement with an oxalate-containing meal. Oxalate-rich foods include dark green vegetables (especially spinach and Swiss chard), bran, rhubarb, beets and beet greens, chocolate, nuts (especially almonds, cashews and peanuts) and nut butters. Learn more.

  • Eating a low-calcium diet is recommended for those prone to kidney stones
  • Eating a high-oxalate diet is recommended for those prone to kidney stones

2 Which of the following is one of the main contributors to heart disease?

  • Telomeres
  • Astaxanthin
  • Stress

    There are compelling links between cardiac health and mental health. For example, having untreated depression or anxiety disorder increases your odds of having a heart attack or developing heart disease. Stress hormones are again a primary culprit. Learn more.

  • Ergothioneine

3 A growing number of seniors are prescribed antidepressants despite only 14.3% meeting the criteria for a depressive episode. In seniors, depression is associated with:

  • Better mood, improved cognitive ability and reduced hospital admissions
  • Better overall health, reduced risk of diabetes and greater longevity
  • Favorable support system, reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and lower potential for gout
  • Cognitive decline, dementia and poor medical outcomes

    A growing number of seniors are prescribed antidepressants despite only 14.3% meeting the criteria for a depressive episode. In seniors, depression is associated with cognitive decline, dementia and poor medical outcomes. Learn more.

4 Exercising vigorously at least three times a week can:

  • Help you function better and more independently after a stroke

    Those who exercised vigorously at least three times a week were able to function better and more independently both before and after a stroke. Learn more.

  • Improve your eyesight after a stroke
  • Reduce the chance of you becoming iron-deficient after a stroke
  • Serve as a substitute for healthy eating after a stroke

5 What is the biggest danger of excessive cleaning?

  • Removing healthy bacteria and sebum from skin
  • Causing bacteria, viruses and fungi to develop resistance
  • Respiratory and skin reactions to cleaning product
  • All of the above

    Excessive cleaning causes microbial resistance, removes the body’s healthy bacteria and may cause respiratory and skin harm. Learn more.

6 Which of the following is a crucial longevity molecule required by longevity-related enzymes and DNA repair?

  • IGF-1
  • NAD+

    NAD+ is one of the most important longevity molecules that we know of. NAD+ is a coenzyme needed by longevity-related enzymes called sirtuins. It’s also required for DNA repair, but levels plummet with age, necessitating ways to boost NAD+ levels. Strategies include time-restricted eating, fasted exercise and supplementation. Learn more.

  • Heat shock protein
  • NADPH oxidase

 



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